Letter writing was the main method of communication between families and their loved ones at war. Many letters never reached their destination as they were lost or put away just in case a soldier died. Also mail delivery was unreliable as letters took months to be delivered. After you read the letter answer the following questions by posting a comment.
What was the purpose of the letter? Did Ballou have a sense of his destiny? What is your evidence? Posted comments are due 4/18.
Sullivan Ballou served in the Rhode Island 2nd Infantry
Sullivan Ballou’s Letter to his wife
July the 14th, 1861
My very dear Sarah:
The indications are very strong that we shall move in a few days – perhaps tomorrow. Lest I should not be able to write you again, I feel impelled to write lines that may fall under your eye when I shall be no more.
Our movement may be one of a few days duration and full of pleasure – and it may be one of severe conflict and death to me. Not my will, but thine 0 God, be done. If it is necessary that I should fall on the battlefield for my country, I am ready. I have no misgivings about, or lack of confidence in, the cause in which I am engaged, and my courage does not halt or falter. I know how strongly American Civilization now leans upon the triumph of the Government, and how great a debt we owe to those who went before us through the blood and suffering of the Revolution. And I am willing – perfectly willing – to lay down all my joys in this life, to help maintain this Government, and to pay that debt.
But, my dear wife, when I know that with my own joys I lay down nearly all of yours, and replace them in this life with cares and sorrows – when, after having eaten for long years the bitter fruit of orphanage myself, I must offer it as their only sustenance to my dear little children – is it weak or dishonorable, while the banner of my purpose floats calmly and proudly in the breeze, that my unbounded love for you, my darling wife and children, should struggle in fierce, though useless, contest with my love of country?
I cannot describe to you my feelings on this calm summer night, when two thousand men are sleeping around me, many of them enjoying the last, perhaps, before that of death — and I, suspicious that Death is creeping behind me with his fatal dart, am communing with God, my country, and thee.
I have sought most closely and diligently, and often in my breast, for a wrong motive in thus hazarding the happiness of those I loved and I could not find one. A pure love of my country and of the principles have often advocated before the people and “the name of honor that I love more than I fear death” have called upon me, and I have obeyed.
Sarah, my love for you is deathless, it seems to bind me to you with mighty cables that nothing but Omnipotence could break; and yet my love of Country comes over me like a strong wind and bears me irresistibly on with all these chains to the battlefield.
The memories of the blissful moments I have spent with you come creeping over me, and I feel most gratified to God and to you that I have enjoyed them so long. And hard it is for me to give them up and burn to ashes the hopes of future years, when God willing, we might still have lived and loved together and seen our sons grow up to honorable manhood around us. I have, I know, but few and small claims upon Divine Providence, but something whispers to me – perhaps it is the wafted prayer of my little Edgar — that I shall return to my loved ones unharmed. If I do not, my dear Sarah, never forget how much I love you, and when my last breath escapes me on the battlefield, it will whisper your name.
Forgive my many faults, and the many pains I have caused you. How thoughtless and foolish I have oftentimes been! How gladly would I wash out with my tears every little spot upon your happiness, and struggle with all the misfortune of this world, to shield you and my children from harm. But I cannot. I must watch you from the spirit land and hover near you, while you buffet the storms with your precious little freight, and wait with sad patience till we meet to part no more.
But, O Sarah! If the dead can come back to this earth and flit unseen around those they loved, I shall always be near you; in the garish day and in the darkest night — amidst your happiest scenes and gloomiest hours – always, always; and if there be a soft breeze upon your cheek, it shall be my breath; or the cool air fans your throbbing temple, it shall be my spirit passing by.
Sarah, do not mourn me dead; think I am gone and wait for thee, for we shall meet again.
As for my little boys, they will grow as I have done, and never know a father’s love and care. Little Willie is too young to remember me long, and my blue eyed Edgar will keep my frolics with him among the dimmest memories of his childhood. Sarah, I have unlimited confidence in your maternal care and your development of their characters. Tell my two mothers his and hers I call God’s blessing upon them. O Sarah, I wait for you there! Come to me, and lead thither my children.
Ballou died on July 28, 1861 two weeks after the letter was written at the Battle of Bull Run. The letter was found in his soldiers trunk.
Abolitionists, those who wanted to abolish slavery faced many challenges in their fight to get rid of the peculiar institution that was dividing our nation. Some people wanted to abolish slavery immediately and others wanted to abolish little by little. There were many questions about where slaves should be placed . Even as the Civil War began in 1861, President Lincoln was working on a plan that would resettle slaves to the Central American country of Nicaragua or to Haiti. Others favored sending them to Canada or to Liberia, an African nation. In this discussion you will analyze the various proposals and come up with a plan to carry them out. Your plan will be subject to commentary by your classmates so be prepared to support your proposal.
Based upon Document 6 Jackson’s Letter to Congress concerning government employment, Document 7 Jackson’s appointment of Samuel Swartwout, the National Bank text reading, Document 8 Jackson’s Letter to Congress concerning Indian Removal, Document 9 Memorial of the Cherokee Nation and any other material you have read or viewed, how would you judge Andrew Jackson as president? Write your response in a paragraph below making sure you reference the documents in your decision.
Giving Congress a Progress Report
As with the president, Congress is also elected by the people and is held accountable by the people. Each day Congress is featured in the news based upon their actions proposals, and conflicts that arise between political parties.
Using the website: constitutioncenter.org/newswire track the progress of Congress based upon the stories featured in the news. Choose one article and assess what how Congress is doing by following the directions below. Add your information by adding a comment using the following format. Your submission is due on November 30th.
1. I read the article… which was published on …..
2. (Summary Describe what was said about Congress) According to the article …
3. Was this a positive or negative article about Congress
4. What did you learn about Congress